Electro therapy is the use of electric stimuli to treat ailments. It has been in use for over 100 years in pain treatment. Scientific studies have proven that therapy can be used to treat both acute and chronic pain.
Electro or electric therapy may work in any of the ways. It can either block pain transmission along the nerves or it can encourage release of endorphins which are painkilling hormones produced by our body.
Electrotherapeutic devices come in different types such as:
TENS (Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation)
Self-adhesive pads are placed on skin at or around the affected area. The device generates small electric pulses which stimulate nerves. The duration of each pulse is only a few millionths of a second.
High frequencies stop pain signals from reaching the brain while low frequencies stimulate the body to release natural painkillers. Pain relief lasts for hours
EMS (Electrical Muscle Stimulation)
Electrodes are placed on the area where motor points of a muscle group lie. A Motor Point is the spot where a motor nerve enters the muscle. The electric current generated from the EMS device, stimulates the muscle to expand and contract. This strengthens muscle fiber and increases blood circulation to the muscles.
Electrode pads of two varying frequencies are used. The two currents interfere with each other to create deep penetrating impulses. It is believed that it is more effective than TENS as it faces less resistance to penetrate skin. The impulses interfere with the pain signals at spinal cord and help body in recovering.
Galvanic (also known as HVGPS or High Voltage Pulsed Galvanic Stimulation)
It increases blood flow to the affected area with the help of low-level current. An increased blood circulation speeds healing of wounds and cleaning of toxins. The technology is used in shaping, fat reduction, wrinkles, fine lines and acne scars.
This is the most important advancement in the field of electric therapy. A very low current, in millionths of an ampere is generated. It is said to be more effective than other electric therapy methods. Our body has electricity flowing through it.
Wounds and aging process reduce the electricity storing capacity of cells. Microcurrent recharges the cells and allows them to function normally again.
This therapy is used in healing sports injuries, chronic and acute pain, fibromyalgia, frozen shoulder and ligament and tendon repair. Specific frequency can be adjusted for treating internal organs. This therapy is also used in anti-aging treatments.